As reported by Reuters (reuters.com, May 22, 2014), ‘The North Carolina Senate on Thursday voted to make it a crime to disclose the chemicals used in hydraulic fracturing, or fracking … The legislation … aims to protect trade secrets about fluids used to extract oil or gas from wells using fracking, which blasts sand, water and chemicals deep beneath the earth’s surface.
Under the “Energy Modernization Act,” a state geologist would be the custodian of confidential information about fracking fluids. The information can be given to healthcare providers, the public safety department or the fire chief in case of an emergency’.
This must really reassure the citizens of North Carolina. In the event of mass contamination by toxic chemicals used in fracking, hospitals will be informed how to treat people for specific types of poisoning!
A 2011 report, by congressional Democrats, listed 750 chemicals used by 14 oil and gas service companies from 2005 to 2009 to help extract natural gas. That list included 29 chemicals that are either known or possible carcinogens or are regulated by the federal government because of other risks to human health.
Most of the fluids now used in fracking are left underground when drilling ends.
The amount of fluid that remains in a well varies depending on local geology.
Regulators do not know precisely how much of the fluid returns to the surface for each well.
As reported in the NY Times, May 4, 2014, ‘In 2012, a team of environmental scientists (from Pennsylvania State University) collected drinking water samples from the households’ outdoor spigots. An analysis showed that the water in one household contained 2-Butoxyethanol or 2BE, a common drilling chemical. The chemical, which is also commonly used in paint and cosmetics, is known to have caused tumors in rodents … The nearby gas wells … were constructed with a protective intermediate casing of steel and cement from the surface down to almost 1,000 feet. But the wells below that depth lacked the protective casing, and were potentially at greater risk of leaking their contents into the surrounding rock layers.
The geology in northern Pennsylvania (is) similar to a layer cake with numerous layers that extend down thousands of feet to the Marcellus Shale. The vertical fractures are like knife cuts through the layers. They can extend deep underground, and can act like superhighways for escaped gas and liquids from drill wells to travel along, for distances greater than a mile away’.
What chemicals are travelling down these superhighways?
The Center for Biological Diversity reported (2013) that chemicals that raise cancer risk, harm the heart and damage the lungs and eyes have been used over the summer in fracking, acidization and other unconventional oil production methods in the L.A. area. The report is based on new data from the South Coast Air Quality Management District, which recently began requiring oil and gas well operators to disclose chemicals used in unconventional oil and gas recovery techniques. Despite the new rule, some chemicals used in extreme oil production are not made public because of so-called “trade secrets” claims.
Questions for the UK.
1. Will it be a crime to disclose the chemicals used in hydraulic fracturing?
2. Will geological reports identify vertical fractures that extend deep underground, and can act like superhighways for toxic chemicals?
3.Will UK wells be completely constructed with protective intermediate casing of steel and cement from the surface down?
4. Will fracking water be used to irregate crops? Will we be eating our ‘fracking five’ a day?
5. Under the terms of TPP, can any fracking application by an American company be turned down?
6. Is the local consultation process in the UK a complete farce?
7. As in the Lancashire fracking application, will all decisions be dictated by the government, in ‘the National interest’?
Answers: 1. yes. 2. no. 3. no. 4. yes. 5. no. 6. yes. 7. yes.
Government is nothing but the servant of Corporate Gods.
You are nothing but the slave of the servant of the servant.
Rise against this Fascist World of Frackers!
lenin nightingale, 2015